Egmont Key – Florida’s Lesser-Known Island of History and Wildlife

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On Florida's Gulf Coast lies a tranquil and mysterious island that offers a wealth of history, wildlife, and adventure.

Amidst the state's well-known beaches, this hidden gem stands as a unique blend of natural beauty and historical intrigue.

Egmont Key: Florida's Lesser-Known Island of History and Wildlife

As you wander its sun-kissed sands, you'll find rich birdlife, historical landmarks like old forts and lighthouses, and a vibrant ecosystem teeming with creatures like sea turtles and gopher tortoises.

This hidden gem is none other than the lesser-known Egmont Key!

Egmont Key's Geography

Egmont Key, a hidden gem in Florida, is an idyllic place near the Sunshine State's bustling cities.

Egmont Key National Park, Florida

Comprising only about 330 acres, Egmont Key offers an oasis of tranquility perfect for those seeking a retreat to nature.

A tall white lighthouse in Egmont Key, Florida

While exploring the island, you'll discover a rich combination of sandy shores and lush vegetation. As you stroll through the trails, you're surrounded by diverse wildlife.

Although small in size, the island offers stunning views at every turn. Its strategic location at the mouth of Tampa Bay provides picturesque panoramas of the Gulf of Mexico and Florida's mainland.

A Brief History of Egmont Key

Egmont Key, a lesser-known island in the Tampa Bay area, holds a rich history and diverse wildlife.

Fort Egmont Key in Florida

Discovered in 1763 and named after John Perceval, the Earl of Egmont, it played pivotal roles in the Seminole Wars, Spanish-American War, and the Civil War.

Today, Egmont Key, listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places, is a wildlife haven and bird nesting ground, making it a perfect spot for nature enthusiasts.

Notable Landmarks

Egmont Key is a treasure trove of historical landmarks that beckons with stories of the past.

Each step on this island is like turning a page in a history book, bringing you closer to the epochs that shaped Florida's Gulf Coast.

From an iconic lighthouse that has stood the test of time to the remnants of a military fort, the island is a living testament to the region's rich heritage.

Egmont Key Lighthouse

Stepping onto Egmont Key, you'll be greeted by the historic Egmont Key Lighthouse, a friendly reminder of the island's rich past.

Tall white Lighthouse in Egmont Key, Florida

Built in 1848, this lighthouse has guided countless ships through treacherous waters, and it still stands tall today.

The bright beam of light illuminating the night sky creates an enchanting scene you won't soon forget.

Relics of War: Fort Dade Ruins

As you explore the island further, you'll come across the haunting remains of Fort Dade.

Constructed during the Spanish-American War, these ruins evoke memories of soldiers stationed here, protecting Florida's coast.

Ruins of Fort Dade in Egmont Key, Florida

The fort's concrete walls and various structures, including a jail and movie theater, offer glimpses into the lives of the men stationed here.

A Walk Through Time: Brick Roads and Buildings

Wandering through Egmont Key, you'll notice the distinctive red brick roads and buildings that make up the island's unique character.

These remains of a bygone era hark back to when the island was home to a bustling military community.

A red Brick Road in Egmont Key, Florida

As you walk on these charming streets, follow the paths your imagination creates, and you'll feel the history come to life around you.

The Keeper's Home: A Glimpse into the Past

The Keeper's House stands out as an important part of Egmont Key's history.

The lighthouse keeper and his family lived in this cozy abode, attending to duties that kept the lighthouse functioning.

Seeing the house up close allows you to appreciate the dedication of the keeper, and it offers a glimpse into life on this remote island.

Inside Military Life: The Barracks Building

Lastly, don't miss the Barracks Building, which served as living quarters for the soldiers stationed at Fort Dade.

Ruins of a Barracks in Fort Dade, Egmont Key, Florida

These former homes offer a snapshot of daily military life during a time when the defense of Florida's coast was of utmost importance.

Walking through the old rooms, you can sense the camaraderie of the soldiers who called Egmont Key their home.

Egmont Key State Park

Egmont Key State Park, located in Hillsborough County, Florida, is a hidden gem waiting for you to explore.

Red brick pathways located in Egmont Key, Florida

The park is managed by the Florida Park Service, ensuring its natural beauty and historical significance are well preserved.

Visiting Information

To visit Egmont Key State Park, the ferry from Fort De Soto Park is your best bet.

Two cannons in Fort de Soto, Florida

The island is accessible by private boat as well, but keep in mind that there are no facilities or concessions available on the island.

Activities and Attractions

Whether you're an outdoor enthusiast or a history buff, the park has a range of activities and attractions to offer. You'll never run out of things to do and see on this picturesque island.


The surrounding waters of Egmont Key are an angler's paradise. So, grab your fishing gear and try your luck in the abundant waters teeming with fish.

Make sure to follow the park's fishing guidelines to ensure a responsible and enjoyable experience.


With its gorgeous beachfront and ample shade under the trees, there's no better place to enjoy a picnic than Egmont Key.

Spread out your blanket and relish a meal amidst the beautiful natural surroundings.


Venture onto Egmont Key's trails and explore the lush landscapes and wildlife of the island.

Keep an eye out for interesting bird species, gopher tortoises, and other fascinating creatures that call this island their home.

Historic Sites

As already shared above, Egmont Key serves as a profound link to history, carrying a significant historical weight.

This island is host to numerous sites that offer an inviting journey into the past, each telling its own unique story.

Wildlife at Egmont Key

Egmont Key boasts a wealth of history and diverse wildlife. In this secluded paradise, you'll find a variety of fascinating creatures that call the island their home.


As you step foot on Egmont Key, you'll be greeted by the lively sounds of birds like brown pelicans, sandwich terns, black skimmers, and American oystercatchers.

Florida's famous box turtle

You can also spot laughing gulls soaring overhead - their distinct calls echoing across the island.


Egmont Key is home to several reptile species, including gopher tortoises and box turtles.

Keep an eye out for these captivating creatures as they slowly roam the island, seeking shelter or a tasty snack.

Marine Life

The waters surrounding Egmont Key teem with a variety of marine life.

Prepare to be amazed as you spot dolphins playfully jumping out of the water or sea turtles gracefully gliding beneath the waves.

Two bottlenose dolphins photographed in the beaches of Key Largo

You might even encounter a manatee or two - these gentle giants often frequent the area.

As you explore the island, remember that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is responsible for conserving these amazing species.

By treating the island and its wildlife with respect, you contribute to their efforts in maintaining Egmont Key as a sanctuary for all its inhabitants.

Visitor Tips and Guidelines

Here are some tips and guidelines to help you make the most of your visit while leaving a minimal impact on the environment.

What to Bring


Florida's sun can be intense, so make sure to pack plenty of sunscreens to protect your skin while exploring Egmont Key.

Click here to see this sunscreen on Amazon.

Snorkeling Gear

The clear waters surrounding the island are perfect for snorkeling. Bring your own snorkeling gear to witness the underwater beauty.

Click here to see this snorkeling gear on Amazon.

Food and Amenities

While the island is equipped with picnic tables, there aren't any stores or restaurants.

So be sure to pack all your food and drinks, as well as trash bags, to remove your waste when you leave.

Click here to see this box of trash bags on Amazon.


Bring sun-protective clothing, hats, and sunglasses to protect yourself from the Florida sunshine.

Click here to see this pair of sunglasses on Amazon.

Prepare for the Ferry Ride

To reach Egmont Key, you'll need to take a ferry from nearby Anna Maria Island.

Don’t forget your camera to capture the scenic views during the ride.

Shelling Tools

Egmont Key is a haven for shelling enthusiasts, so pack a bucket and a scoop to collect seashells in style.

Click here to see these shelling tools on Amazon.

Activities to Avoid

Alcoholic Beverages

Consuming alcoholic beverages on the island is prohibited. So it's best to leave the beer and wine at home.

Hunting and Boating

To protect the island's wildlife and fragile ecosystems, hunting and boating are not allowed on the island.

Drones and Pets

Keep the environment peaceful for both humans and wildlife by leaving your drones and pets at home.

Swimming in Certain Areas

While swimming is a popular way to cool off in Florida's heat, be sure to avoid the island's strong currents and areas marked as restricted for your safety.

Wildlife Viewing

While you may be tempted to get up close and personal with the local wildlife, remember to maintain your distance and respect their habitats.

Ongoing Preservation Efforts

Egmont Key faces several environmental challenges that are, unfortunately, causing damage to its delicate ecosystem.

Sandbars and groundings have impacted the island's shoreline, while man-made issues, such as pollution, threaten its vibrant flora and fauna.

As a National Wildlife Refuge, Egmont Key is home to various species of birds and sea turtles.

The refuge's mission is to protect this diverse wildlife, preserving the island's delicate balance.

Ongoing efforts to combat erosion and restore native plants demonstrate a commitment to ensuring that future generations can also enjoy this remarkable island.

A Blissful Retreat to Egmont Key

Egmont Key, a hidden treasure, is an adventurer's delight, brimming with captivating history and vibrant ecosystems.

As you explore its shores and marvel at its wildlife, you're not just visiting a sanctuary but immersing yourself in a unique interplay of history and nature.

As we bid farewell, we hope the indelible experience you've had leaves you yearning for more and becomes a cherished treasure in your memory.

Read more hidden gems of Florida below!

9 Hidden Gems in Florida That Only Locals Know About

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